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Table 8 Supplementary analysis with different baselines for comparison (OLS, N=99)

From: Disaggregating the headquarters: implications for overseas R&D subsidiaries’ reporting and the subsidiaries’ knowledge-sharing patterns

D.V. External knowledge sharing (EKS) Internal knowledge sharing (IKS)
Model 3b Model 7b
Constant 1.774*** 1.783**
(0.450) (0.550)
Industry -0.140 0.491†
(0.219) (0.255)
Age -0.169 -0.189
(0.140) (0.162)
Size 0.098 0.182*
(0.060) (0.070)
Western dummy 0.185 0.150
(0.200) (0.233)
R&D-Sales ratio -1.124 -0.050
(1.945) (2.262)
Overseas sales ratio -0.105 0.175
(0.541) (0.629)
Single region dummy 0.016 -1.477*
(0.496) (0.577)
“R Task” 0.431* -0.117
(0.193) (0.225)
Top management 0.124 1.089**
(0.340) (0.411)
Divisional HQ [baseline] 0.454
  (0.289)
Regional HQ 0.441† [baseline]
(0.248)  
Corporate R&D HQ 0.567* 0.538*
(0.220) (0.269)
Max VIF 1.466 1.990
0.263 0.232
Adj R² 0.170 0.135
df 11 11
F 2.822 2.389
sig 0.003 0.012
  1. Standard Errors in parentheses; *** p<0.001; ** p<0.01; * p<0.05; † p<0.10
  2. ※ The coefficients and the signs of the independent variables indicate the differing effects of each independent variable relative to divisional HQ/ regional HQ as a baseline