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Table 4 Two-sample t-test results

From: Disaggregating the headquarters: implications for overseas R&D subsidiaries’ reporting and the subsidiaries’ knowledge-sharing patterns

Category Corporate R&D HQ - Top management t Corporate R&D HQ - Divisional HQ t Corporate R&D HQ - Regional HQ t Top management - Divisional HQ t Top management - Regional HQ t Divisional HQ - Regional HQ t
EKS 2.5 (0.95) > 1.91 (0.71) 1.67 2.5 (0.95) > 1.66 (0.66) 4.40** 2.5 (0.95) > 2.27 (0.88) 0.88 1.91 (0.71) > 1.66 (0.66) 0.95 1.91 (0.71) < 2.27 (0.88) -1.06 1.66 (0.66) < 2.27 (0.88) -2.90**
IKS 2.52 (1.11) < 3.13 (1.05) -1.41 2.52 (1.11) > 2.35 (1.02) 0.67 2.52 (1.11) > 2.04 (0.65) 2.1 * 3.13 (1.05) > 2.35 (1.02) 1.91 † 3.13 (1.05) > 2.04 (0.65) 3.34 ** 2.35 (1.02) > 2.04 (0.65) 1.21
  1. The figures represent the mean scores based on the semantic differential interval scales from 1= almost never to 5= very frequent
  2. EKS external knowledge sharing, IKS internal knowledge sharing
  3. ** p<.01; * p<.05; † p<.10; Standard Deviation in parenthesis