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Table 3 Descriptive statistics and correlation matrix

From: Disaggregating the headquarters: implications for overseas R&D subsidiaries’ reporting and the subsidiaries’ knowledge-sharing patterns

   Mean SD Min. Max. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
EKS 1 2.134 0.886 1 4.75 1.000              
IKS 2 2.417 1.009 1 5 0.092 1.000             
Industry dummy 3 0.250 0.437 0 1 -0.081 0.152 1.000            
Age 4 2.447 0.632 0.69 3.78 -0.044 -0.060 0.113 1.000           
Size 5 2.480 1.574 1 5 0.201* 0.195† -0.165 0.182† 1.000          
Western dummy 6 0.680 0.470 0 1 0.200* 0.118 0.054 0.244* 0.048 1.000         
R&D-Sales ratio 7 0.652 0.481 0 0.22 0.018 0.153 0.247* 0.102 0.336** 0.034 1.000        
Overseas sales ratio 8 0.485 0.162 0.12 0.87 0.010 0.035 -0.168† -0.093 0.128 0.126 0.116 1.000       
Single region dummy 9 0.030 0.172 0 1 -0.059 -0.246* 0.033 0.030 -0.017 -0.130 -0.091 0.076 1.000      
“R task” 10 0.560 0.499 0 1 0.355*** 0.050 0.239* 0.035 0.043 0.295** 0.094 -0.072 -0.079 1.000     
Top management 11 0.080 0.274 0 1 -0.075 0.206* 0.169† 0.001 -0.115 0.126 0.035 -0.101 -0.052 0.041 1.000    
Divisional HQ 12 0.320 0.470 0 1 -0.369***F15 -0.046 -0.004 -0.106 -0.131 -0.261** -0.118 0.075 0.130 -0.382*** -0.205* 1.000   
Regional HQ 13 0.200 0.404 0 1 0.079 -0.187† -0.003 0.116 0.117 -0.029 0.051 -0.090 -0.089 0.045 -0.149 -0.348*** 1.000  
Corporate R&D HQ 14 0.390 0.491 0 1 0.330*** 0.083 -0.088 0.006 0.094 0.204* 0.051 0.058 -0.022 0.305** -0.239* -0.557*** -0.406*** 1.000
  1. *** p<0.001; ** p<0.01; * p<0.05; † p<0.10; N=99