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Table 1 Measures of dependent variables

From: Disaggregating the headquarters: implications for overseas R&D subsidiaries’ reporting and the subsidiaries’ knowledge-sharing patterns

Code Definition Items Number of items Cronbach's alpha Average inter-item correlation Eigenvalue Cumulative % N
External knowledge sharing (EKS) Knolwedge sharing with local universities and research venture Joint project with local universities 4 0.67 0.35 2.12 34.6 99
Recruiting the researchers from the local universities;
Sending the researchers to the local universities;
Collaborating with the research ventures
Internal knowledge sharing (IKS) Knowledge sharing with other overseas subsidiaries Transfer of knowledge/technology from other overseas R&D subsidiaries within your firm to your R&D subsidiary 3 0.86 0.68 3.01 46.33 99
Transfer of knowledge/technology from your R&D subsidiary to other overseas R&D subsidiaries within your firm
Joint project with other overseas R&D subsidiaries within your firm
  1. Items are measured by Semantic Differential (SD) scale ranging from 1=Almost never to 5=Very frequently