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Table 1 Resource management in latent organizing: key challenges

From: Latent organizing for responding to emergencies: foundations for research

Resource management processKey challenge for latent organizing
Acquisition• The LO does not own the resources; resource acquisition is based on contracting the services from the owners of the resources (i.e., host organizations).
• A key question is who acts on behalf of LO’s mission for emergency response, by acquiring key resources? A separate legal entity or a governmental agency?
• Funding resources is difficult because the economic motive to contribute is typically weak.
Bundling• A key aspect of resource bundling is enhancing the reification of the organizational mission of preparing for emergency response, to make its members and external stakeholders recognize it as a real organization (that may be inactive for long timespans).
• Another challenge is how to integrate resources from a (possibly very) large number of host organizations, that is, how to develop the required capabilities while the organization is inactive, because training-on-the-job (in the host organizations) is typically not possible, learning-by-doing needs to be facilitated in other ways (e.g., in virtual microworlds).
• The integration and capability development of resources needs to aim at an expected level of effectiveness. This raises questions regarding how to measure and predict the effectiveness of the active state of the organization when it is inactive, especially what is the activation delay (in minutes, hours, days) toward a particular level and volume of emergency response?
• How does/can the organization reduce the risk of erosion in its reification and readiness in long times of inactivity?
Leveraging• Responsiveness to unpredictable emergencies arises from (a) access to well-trained people, rather than a detailed system of formal contracts and agreements and (b) real-time judgement, local insights, and improvisational abilities of these people.
• Consequently, the communication and coordination systems used for leveraging these human resources (e.g., for emergency preparation) should reflect this essential starting point.