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Table 3 Correlation matrix. The correlations among all the variables are presented. Variance inflation factors (VIF) are provided for each variable. Both the correlations and VIFs corroborate that there is no significant correlation that may cause multicollinearity

From: Extending the role of headquarters beyond the firm boundary: entrepreneurial alliance innovation

  Variable VIF 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 16 18 19 20
1 Distance CHQ to Startup 1.20 1.000                    
2 CHQ R&D Function 1.54 -0.011 1.000                   
3 Horizontal Alliance 1.18 -0.009 0.005 1.000                  
4 CHQ Consolidated 1.34 -0.018 0.048 0.006 1.000                 
5 Distance Subsidiary to Startup (Closest) 1.28 0.275 -0.149 -0.045 -0.270 1.000                
6 Alliance Exploitation 1.09 -0.084 0.053 -0.070 -0.044 0.003 1.000               
7 Alliance Equity and Joint Venture 1.20 0.033 0.102 0.315 -0.031 -0.031 -0.062 1.000              
8 Alliance Duration 1.04 0.003 -0.027 -0.023 0.007 -0.027 0.027 0.085 1.000             
9 Incumbent Subsidiary Dispersion 3.72 -0.005 -0.227 -0.070 -0.258 0.141 0.016 -0.053 0.022 1.000            
10 Incumbent Portfolio Dispersion 1.93 0.017 -0.214 -0.049 0.127 -0.084 -0.109 -0.085 0.049 0.530 1.000           
11 Incumbent Patent Count (Five-Year Lagged) 1.06 -0.082 -0.068 -0.023 0.060 -0.018 0.042 -0.038 -0.049 -0.048 -0.061 1.000          
12 Incumbent Age 2.73 -0.012 -0.360 -0.094 -0.108 0.198 0.009 -0.069 -0.001 0.760 0.476 -0.033 1.000         
13 Incumbent Size (Logged) 1.68 -0.037 0.177 -0.013 -0.182 0.037 0.081 0.076 -0.038 0.443 0.114 -0.058 0.268 1.000        
14 Incumbent Acquired 1.09 0.001 -0.020 -0.034 -0.118 -0.035 0.069 -0.028 -0.001 -0.042 -0.147 -0.012 -0.034 -0.071 1.000       
15 Startup Portfolio Dispersion 1.05 -0.140 0.083 -0.000 0.025 -0.018 0.004 0.010 0.034 -0.056 -0.087 -0.011 -0.038 -0.015 -0.013 1.000      
16 Startup Patent Count (Five-Year Lagged) 1.54 0.063 0.058 -0.046 -0.023 0.006 0.059 -0.127 -0.052 -0.021 -0.037 -0.018 -0.078 -0.018 -0.037 -0.034 1.000     
17 Startup Age 1.55 -0.093 0.054 -0.071 0.024 0.000 0.160 -0.096 -0.006 -0.071 -0.106 0.002 -0.091 -0.019 -0.024 -0.033 0.555 1.000    
18 Startup Size (Binary) 1.13 0.085 0.016 -0.107 0.009 0.039 0.073 -0.122 -0.049 -0.031 -0.039 0.049 -0.074 -0.002 -0.027 -0.036 0.271 0.189 1.000   
19 Startup Manufacturing 1.14 0.122 0.056 0.026 0.046 0.031 0.075 -0.043 -0.012 -0.000 0.013 0.056 -0.045 -0.024 0.006 0.029 0.190 0.211 0.172 1.000  
20 Startup Capital Investment (Cumulative) 1.03 0.012 -0.039 -0.001 0.018 0.053 -0.058 0.027 -0.002 0.051 0.056 -0.016 0.037 0.011 0.018 0.004 -0.063 -0.060 -0.008 -0.091 1.000