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Table 1 CHQ Functions, characteristics, and spatial design. Detailed Information about the 36 CHQ in our data is provided. R&D Function presents whether an R&D function is present at a CHQ, and Legal Function indicates whether a CHQ has a legal function. Manufacturing Function means a CHQ contains some manufacturing activity, and Largest denotes that a CHQ has largest size among all its other HQ units and subsidiaries. Acquired represents whether another firm acquired the focal corporation. Foreign-Based denotes a non-US-domiciled corporation

From: Extending the role of headquarters beyond the firm boundary: entrepreneurial alliance innovation

Panel A: CHQ functions and characteristics
  At CHQ in initial year At CHQ in final year
Functions/characteristics Yes No % Total Yes No % Total
R&D Function 19 17 53% 14 22 39%
Legal Function 32 4 89% 29 7 81%
Manufacturing Function 24 12 67% 34 2 94%
Largest 25 11 69% 21 15 58%
Acquired 1 35 3% 14 22 39%
Foreign-Based 11 25 31% N/A N/A  
Panel B: CHQ spatial design
CHQ relocations HQ units in initial year HQ units in final year
Count Firms % Total Count Firms % Total Count Firms % Total
0 11 30% 1 31 86% 1 23 64%
1 13 36% 2 4 11% 2 6 17%
2 5 14% 3 1 3% 3 4 11%
3 5 14% 4 0 0% 4 0 0%
4 1 3% 5 0 0% 5 1 3%
5 1 3% 6 0 0% 6 1 3%
  7 0 0% 7 0 0%
  8 0 0% 8 1 3%