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Table 1 The three ideal organizational forms: core institutional properties

From: Collaborative organizational forms: on communities, crowds, and new hybrids

  Market Hierarchy Community
Locus of design Market institutions, contracts Authority structure Values, rules, and protocols
Goals Actor-specific goals Owner’s goals, efforts to achieve goal alignment among actors/organizational members Shared goals and values
Resource ownership; property rights regime Actors own resources (and can exchange them); private-property regime Owner/organization owns resources; private-property regime Shared resources in commons; common-property regime
Affiliation Market contract Employment Membership