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Table 2 Elements of an actor-oriented organization

From: Designing the digital organization

Element Function Examples
Actors Perform work activities by self-organizing and collaborating Individuals or teams in an organization Firms in a collaborative community Citizens, firms, and municipal agencies in a smart city
Commons Shared resources made available to actors to support their work Shared knowledge Shared databases Shared situation awareness
Protocols, processes, and infrastructures Infrastructures connect actors with one another Protocols guide actor behavior Processes that combine to create an agile organization Software apps that announce projects as well as the availability and expertise of actors Shared norms and values concerning how actors should behave Intra- and inter-organizational collaboration