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Table 2 Elements of an actor-oriented organization

From: Designing the digital organization

Element Function Examples
Actors Perform work activities by self-organizing and collaborating Individuals or teams in an organization
Firms in a collaborative community
Citizens, firms, and municipal agencies in a smart city
Commons Shared resources made available to actors to support their work Shared knowledge
Shared databases
Shared situation awareness
Protocols, processes, and infrastructures Infrastructures connect actors with one another
Protocols guide actor behavior
Processes that combine to create an agile organization
Software apps that announce projects as well as the availability and expertise of actors
Shared norms and values concerning how actors should behave
Intra- and inter-organizational collaboration